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PU2CLR BK108X Arduino Library

The BK1088E is a single-chip solution for receiving AM, FM, and shortwave radio. Using inexpensive components (Arduino Pro Mini, some push buttons buttons, and a standard OLED or TFT display), the hobbyists can build serviceable little receiver based on BK1088E with a impressive performance.

This project involves a cross-platform Arduino Library designed to control the BK1086 and BK1088 devices. The NK108X Aerduino Library library is based on the documentation titled “BK1086/88E BROADCAST AM/FM/SW/LW RADIO RECEIVER; Rev.1.4” provided by BEKEN Corporation. Its purpose is to enable seamless control and integration of the BK1086 and BK1088 devices within Arduino projects.

This library can be freely distributed using the MIT Free Software model.

Copyright (c) 2020 Ricardo Lima Caratti.


If you find this project useful, consider making a donation so that the author of this library can purchase components and modules for improvements and testing of this library. Click here to donate.

About Me

I hold a Master’s degree in Educational Technology from the Federal University of Ceará, where I delved into the ways technology can enhance learning experiences. My passion for computer science led me to specialize in it, focusing on Distributed Systems Development with an Object-Oriented approach, at the University of Brasília. My academic journey began with a Bachelor’s degree in Information Systems from the União Pioneira de Integração Social (UPIS-Brasília). Outside the classroom, my main hobbies are electronics and Amateur Radio.


  1. Preface
  2. BK1086/88E features
  3. Library Installation
  4. API Documentation
  5. Functional Block Diagram
  6. BK1086/88E TSSOP20 pinout
  7. Schematic
  8. Sketch examples
  9. Videos
  10. References


At the end of 2019, I embarked on several Arduino library development projects aimed at controlling DSP receivers. The initial endeavor involved creating an Arduino library for the SI4844, followed by libraries for the Si473X family, all manufactured by Silicon Labs. The positive reception and enthusiasm from radio listeners, experimenters, and hobbyists regarding the use of these libraries prompted me to expand my efforts.

As a result, I developed additional libraries for the AKC695X, KT0915, SI470X, and RDA5807, catering to the Arduino IDE platform. While researching the BK1086/88 Datasheet, I realized its suitability for radio enthusiasts and hobbyists. Initially, I found limited documentation available compared to the previously mentioned devices. This motivated me to gather as much information as possible about the BEKEN family of devices.

I reached out to BEKEN Corporation to request information about the BK1086/88E, and I am grateful for their prompt response and attention. I would like to extend my sincere appreciation to BEKEN Corporation for their cooperation and assistance in this endeavor.

This library is based on the BEKEN manual “BK1086/88 - BROADCAST AM/FM/SW/LW RADIO RECEIVER REV1.3” provided by BEKEN Corporation and experiments made by me during the development process.

If you are a hobbyist, a radio enthusiast and enjoy Arduino, this project is for you.

All Band receiver with BK1088E and LilyGo panel

All Band receiver with BK1088E and LilyGo panel

Presentation videos

BK1088E FM, AM (LW, MW and SW) DSP receiver working with Arduino

MIT License

Copyright (c) 2019 Ricardo Lima Caratti

Permission is hereby granted, free of charge, to any person obtaining a copy of this software and associated documentation files (the “Software”), to deal in the Software without restriction, including without limitation the rights to use, copy, modify, merge, publish, distribute, sublicense, and/or sell copies of the Software, and to permit persons to whom the Software is furnished to do so, subject to the following conditions:

The above copyright notice and this permission notice shall be included in all copies or substantial portions of the Software.



Mr. Peng Roy, from BEKEN Corporation, for providing me with the technical information on the BK1086/88.

Your support is important

If you have suggestions to improve this project, please let me know.

BK1086/88 features

Main features

  1. Worldwide 64~108 MHz FM band support;
  2. Worldwide 520~1710kHz AM band support;
  3. LW band support(153-279kHz,BK1088E only)
  4. SW band support(2.3-21.85MHz, BK1088E only);
  5. Automatic gain control(AGC);
  6. Automatic frequency control(AFC);
  7. Digital FM stereo decoder;
  8. Automatic FM stereo/mono blend;
  9. Automatic noise suppression;
  10. 50us/75us de-emphasis;
  11. RDS/RBDS decoder;
  12. 2.4 ~ 5.5 V supply voltage;
  13. Wide range reference clock support;
  14. 32.768KHz crystal oscillator.

Useful information

Library Installation

You can install this library on your Arduino environment using different methods.

Installing via Arduino IDE

This library is available on Arduino IDE platform. This video will show you how to install the Arduino Library for the BK1086 / 88 DSP device on your local computer.

Installing via the repository

With this approach, you will have the most current version of the library. However, it may not be the most stable version. This is because the current version is always in development. Prefer releases. Do you need some old version (release) of this library? If yes, check here.

To install the current version, you have to download this library in zip format. After, unzip the file in your Arduino Library folder.

Functional Block Diagram

BK1086/88E Functional Description

Source: “BK1086/88E BROADCAST AM/FM/SW/LW RADIO RECEIVER; Rev.1.3; page 3”

BK1086/88E TSSOP20 pinout


Source: “BK1086/88E BROADCAST AM/FM/SW/LW RADIO RECEIVER; Rev.1.3; page 23”

Pin Number Name Description
1 GND Ground. Connect to ground plane on PCB
2 GND Ground. Connect to ground plane on PCB
3 FMI FM RF input
4 RFGND RF ground
5 AMI MW/SW/LW RF input
6 GND Ground. Connect to ground plane on PCB
7 SCLK Clock for Serial communications
8 SDIO Serial data input/output
9 RCLK 32.768kHz - 38.4MHz external reference clock input/32.768KHz Oscillator input
10 VDD Power supply for digital and I/O
11 ROUT Right audio output
12 LOUT Left audio output
13 VA Power supply for analog
14 GPIO3 General purpose output 3
15 GPIO2 General purpose output 2
16 EXTLNA External LNA control
17 RIN2 Line in input (Right channel2)
18 LIN2 Line in input (Left channel2)
19 RIN1 Line in input (Right channel1)
20 LIN1 Line in input (Left channel1)


BEKEN Typical Application Schematic

The image below was extracted from “BK1086/88E BROADCAST AM/FM/SW/LW RADIO RECEIVER; Rev.1.3; page 25”. It is a basic circuit suggested by BEKEN.

BEKEN Typical Application Schematic

BK1088E(SSOP20) and Arduino Schematic

The schematic provided below is based on the typical application schematic provided by BEKEN and modified to work with the Arduino controller. The front-end circuit has been adjusted to utilize a regular antenna instead of a headphone antenna setup.

This circuit primarily serves the purpose of testing the BK108X Arduino Library. However, you may be pleasantly surprised by the performance of this simple circuit, thanks to the advanced features of the BK1086/88 device. It is important to note that while this receiver is not intended to meet the expectations of demanding listeners, it serves as a starting point. If desired, you can enhance its sensitivity, improve output sound quality, and add other desired features by incorporating additional devices into the circuit.

Basic Schematic

The example folder can guide you to check your circuit via Arduino sketches


  1. Place C1 (1.8pF) and the 32768KHz crystal as close as possible from the BK1088 pin 9;
  2. Place C4 (100nF) as close as possible from the BK1088 pin 13;
  3. Try to keep the length of the I2C bus as short as possible;
  4. If you check the circuit by running the POC_01_CIRCUIT_TEST.ino and get the Chip Id value -1 (0xFF):
    • Check whether the DC voltage on pin 10 and 13 are correct;
    • Be sure I2C connections are right;
    • Be sure whether the I2C bus speed used by your MCU master (Arduino) is correct;
    • If you are using a BK1088, the Chip Id value should be 4224 (0x1080)
  5. The frequency shown on display or Arduino IDE Serial Monitor is different from the real frequency.
    • You might have problem with reference clock. If you are using the 32.768KHz crystal, check whether it is working;
    • If you are using an external clock input, check the signal with an oscilloscope (check the RCLK);
    • By default, this library used 32.768KHz as reference clock;
    • If you need to use external reference clock or a crystal with different clock, please, read the [API documentation} (

BK1088 and different reference clock frequency

I came across the following guide online regarding different reference clock frequencies: To accommodate the specific clock signal used, the internal registers should be configured as follows:

  1. Calculate the value using the formula (Freq/512)+0.5, resulting in an 18-bit hexadecimal number.
  2. Set Bit[17:16] of REG28 to the corresponding values and set Bit[15:0] of REG29 to the reverse order of the lower 16 bits of the calculated binary number.
  3. Please, note that the bit order of REG29 should be opposite to the calculation result. Bit[15] corresponds to REG29[0], and Bit[0] corresponds to REG29[15].
  4. For example, if the frequency is 12MHz: Calculate (12000000/512) + 0.5 = 23438. Convert it to hexadecimal: 0x5B8E. Convert the lower 16 bits to binary and reverse the order: 0111 0001 1101 1010. Convert it back to hexadecimal: 0x71DA. Hence, the configuration for the 12MHz clock would be: REG28 remains unchanged at 0x0000, and REG29 changes from 0x0200 to 0x71DA.

This implementation is found within the powerUp function of this library (refer to void BK108X::powerUp() in the BK108X.cpp file). However, it did not yield successful results in my tests. Currently, this library solely supports the 32.768kHz passive crystal oscillator. If you possess any knowledge on how to implement it differently, please inform me.


The following prototypes are based on the electrical schematics available in this repository and aim to guide experimenters in assembling a receiver based on the BK1088E device.

In some prototypes, the receiving module is separated from the controller module. This aids in conducting tests with various different configurations. Additionally, it helps mitigate noise emitted by the controller. See the videos posted on youtube.

Prototype: Photo 1 Prototype: Photo 1

Prototype: Photo 2 Prototype: Photo 2

Prototype: Photo 3 Prototype: Photo 3

Prototype: Photo 4 Prototype: Photo 4

Prototype: Photo 5 Prototype: Photo 5


The following prototype is highly beneficial for Arduino UNO users looking to develop a receiver utilizing the BK1088E. Additionally, this model offers the flexibility to incorporate a wide range of display options.

Prototype: Arduino UNO Shield 1

Prototype: Arduino UNO Shield 2

Prototype: Arduino UNO Shield 3

Prototype: Arduino UNO Shield 4


  1. All Band receiver with BK1088E and PU2CLR BK108X Arduino Library
  2. All Band Receiver with BK1088E Arduino Library and LilyGO T Embed
  3. AM / FM-RDS Receiver with PU2CLR BK108X Arduino Library, Nano and Nokia 5110
  4. FM/RDS Radio with BK1088E - ESP32 - LCD16x02 with PU2CLR BK108X Arduino Library
  5. BK1088E FM, AM (LW, MW and SW) DSP receiver working with Arduino
  6. DSP BK1088E AM/MW and FM test with PU2CLR BK108X Arduino Library
  7. DSP BK1088E SW test with PU2CLR BK108X Arduino Library

See also

  1. PU2CLR Si4735 Library for Arduino. This library was built based on “Si47XX PROGRAMMING GUIDE; AN332” and it has support to FM, AM and SSB modes (LW, MW and SW). It also can be used on all members of the SI47XX family respecting, of course, the features available for each IC version;
  2. PU2CLR SI4844 Arduino Library. This is an Arduino library for the SI4844, BROADCAST ANALOG TUNING DIGITAL DISPLAY AM/FM/SW RADIO RECEIVER, IC from Silicon Labs. It is available on Arduino IDE. This library is intended to provide an easier interface for controlling the SI4844.
  3. PU2CLR AKC695X Arduino Library. The AKC695X is a family of IC DSP receiver from AKC technology. The AKC6955 and AKC6959sx support AM and FM modes. On AM mode the AKC6955 and AKC6959sx work on LW, MW and SW. On FM mode they work from 64MHz to 222MHz.
  4. PU2CLR KT0915 Arduino Library. The KT0915 is a full band AM (LW, MW and SW) and FM DSP receiver that can provide you a easy way to build a high quality radio with low cost.
  5. PU2CLR RDA5807 Arduino Library. The RDA5807 is a FM DSP integrated circuit receiver (50 to 115MHz) with low noise amplifier support. This device requires very few external components if compared with other similar devices. It also supports RDS/RBDS functionalities, direct auto gain control (AGC) and real time adaptive noise cancellation function.
  6. PU2CLR SI470X Arduino Library. It is a Silicon Labs device family that integrates the complete functionalities for FM receivers, including RDS (Si4703).